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In this page: Customs Procedures | Industrial and Manufacturing Profile | Identifying a Supplier | Controlling the Quality of the Products | Organizing Goods Transport To and From Russia


Customs Procedures

Export Clearance
Any taxpayer of Russia who has a registered trade can engage in import and export of commercial goods in Russia. In Russia, license is required for export of certain goods. These licenses are generally issued by the Ministry of Industry and Trade. Federal Customs Service is the official Russian customs office, which deals with collecting duties, inspect and regulating the flow of hazardous items, into and out of the country, control of foreign trade. At Customs, they ask for the export agreement, the invoice, the passport of the transaction as well as Customs fees (0.15% minimum). To obtain a refund of VAT, the exporter must provide the Federal Tax Service with supporting documents (dossier, invoices, proof of passage at the border and of payment of taxes). Examining the dossier and refunding the VAT takes 3 months. Because the system was often abused in the past, the fiscal authorities are very strict.
Necessary Declaration
You have to give the Seller's name, the Buyer's name, the tariff line concerned (in the Harmonized System) as well as the Customs value. Note that the seller must obligatorily be a Russian legal entity, so subsidiaries or representative offices must go through Russian intermediaries.
Exporting mineral ores and semi-precious stones, perishable goods, liqueur, caviar and arms is prohibited.
Exporting precious stones and metals, as well as cultural and artistic goods must have a special authorization.

Export Taxes
Russia has recently increased export taxes and the area they cover.
Now they cover 154 lines of the Harmonized System, with rates which may reach 50%. They mainly concern energy products, ferrous and non-ferrous mineral ores, skins and wood.

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Industrial and Manufacturing Profile

Type of Production
Industry represents 32.2% of the GDP and 26.6% of all employment. However, this trend is declining.

Traditionally the most developed sectors are heavy industry (metallurgy and chemicals) as well as the automobile industry and aeronautics.

Professional Associations by Sector
54 professional associations listed for Russia.

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Type of Manufacturers

Original Equipment Manufacturers
They are especially developed in the sectors of the automobile industry, IT and industrial plant (in particular machines for extracting raw materials) in the form of joint-ventures.
These are generally capital-intensive sectors with a non-negligible technological component, for which domestic demand is strong.
Original Design Manufacturers
ODMs are less widespread.
They are concentrated in the electronics and microelectronics sectors, where salaries are relatively low in relation to the level of qualification.
They are mostly Russian companies.
This activity is often linked to the country's natural resources: metal parts, plastics and resins but also electronic components. It is particularly concentrated in the technological fields of excellence which are aeronautics, aerospace and nuclear energy.
For further information, consult a website listing sub-contractors.
Useful Resources
A.T. Kearney - Global Management Consultants

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Identifying a Supplier

Business Directories

Multi-sector Directories
All.biz - Russia - Directory of companies in Russia
Ambercity.ru - Directory of businesses in Kaliningrad
Colist - Russian business directory
Expat.com - Russian business directory
InfoDriveIndia - Importers and exporters directories.
Openrussia - Partners search system
Russia Business Database - Russian business directory
Russian Yellow Pages - Russia's business directory

To search directories by industry in Russia, check out our service Business directories.


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Marketplaces incorporated in the country
Open Russia.ru
Marketplaces present on the continent

To go further, check out our service Online marketplaces.

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Fairs and Trade Shows

Trade Shows Database
Our database contains 794 significant fairs and trade shows taking place in Russia. To go further, check out our database.
Upcoming Trade Shows
December 7th, 2022
Aeronautics, aero spatial - Aerospace - Space - Automobiles, lorries - Automobile subcontracting, lorries - Raw materials, materials, metals - Materials - Industry service - Service Industry: unspecified - Outsourcing, hardware equipping - Research, innovation - Recycling
December 7th, 2022
Land planning, urban planning - Construction, public works - Masonry, carpentry, pipework - Waterproofing, roofing, plumbing, carpentry - Painting, door and window frames, wall and floor coverings - Electrical installations - Heating, air conditioning, ventilation - Sanitary equipment, kitchen, swimming pool - Machine tools, agricultural machinery
December 7th, 2022
Plastics, rubber - Robotics - Hardware, tools, accessories - Outsourcing, hardware equipping - Software
December 7th, 2022
Paints, glues, fertilisers, oils - Machine tools, agricultural machinery - Hardware, tools, accessories - Professional hardware - Metallurgy, steel, foundry - Outsourcing, hardware equipping
December 7th, 2022
Mechanical, precision - Mechanical, precision: unspecified - Machine tools, agricultural machinery - Hardware, tools, accessories - Professional hardware - Metallurgy, steel, foundry
December 7th, 2022
Raw materials, materials, metals - Metallurgy, steel, foundry
December 8th, 2022
Multimedia - Furnishings, household equipment and arts - Furnishings, household equipment and arts: unspecified - Household equipment - Hygiene, perfumes, cosmetics - Toys, games, gifts - Textiles, ready-to-wear - Fashion, ready to wear - Shoe - Hosiery, lingerie, underwear - Home services - Products and services for weddings - Products and services for children - Funeral products & services - Monuments, tourist attractions - Products and services for seniors
December 8th, 2022
Dance - Furnishings, household equipment and arts - Furnishings, household equipment and arts: unspecified - Household equipment - Food industry - Food industry: unspecified - Alcoholic drinks - Non-alcoholic drinks - Bakery, pastry, confectionery - Cereals, spices, tobacco - Fruits and vegetables - Dry groceries, packaged goods - Dairy products - Fish and seafood - Meat and poultry - Toys, games, gifts - Aesthetics, hairdressing - Water sports, mountain - Team sports - Outdoor sports - Equestrian sports - Motorsports - Individual sports - Monuments, tourist attractions
December 8th, 2022
Precision, measures, optics, watches - Electrical equipment - Electronic equipment and components - Maintenance - Embedded systems - Science and technology - Research, innovation - Engineering
December 8th, 2022
Mechanical, precision - Robotics - Software - Embedded systems

Controlling the Quality of the Products

Quality Control Organizations
Rostest (in Russian)
GOST Standard SRL

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Organizing Goods Transport To and From Russia

Main Useful Means of Transport
Even if the trains need modernising, the rail network is the most used means of goods transport. In 2019, Russia's transport volume in the rail freight sector amounted to approximately 2.6 trillion ton-kilometers.

There are no motorways and the infrastructure is inadequate for goods transport (19% of all goods traffic). Nevertheless, projects are underway to open up the country towards the West. Trucking in Russia is a US$4.78 billion industry. In 2019, Russia's transport volume in the road freight sector amounted to approximately 264 billion ton-kilometers.

Russia has 41 large ports of which only 11 are equipped with infrastructures for import-export; the biggest one is in St Petersburg (42 million tons). The country is open to the sea on three sides: the Baltic sea, the Black sea and the Pacific Ocean. According to data of the Russian Association of Commercial Seaports, first semester of 2018 container cargo volume was 2.95 million TEU, up 11.5 percent from the same period in 2017. At Far East seaports, the growth rate increased 13.5 percent from the same period last year.

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By Road

Transport Professionals
International road transporters association
Government Transport Organisations
Federal Road Transport Agency (RosAvtoDor)

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By Rail

Transport Professionals
Russian Railways
Rail Service
Government Transport Organisations
Federal Rail Transport Agency (RosZhelDor)

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Latest Update: November 2022